L.M.T Forex Formula – Low Maintenance Trading Medical Alert

L.M.T Forex Formula – Low Maintenance Trading Medical Alert Systems.

L.M.T. Forex Formula is a new trading program being released by Dean Sanders.  Dean Saunders is a 10 year successful veteran of forex trading and has accumulated some very good tools and strategies over his career.  Dean has devised a great trading strategy that anyone can implement.

L.M.T. stands for Low Maintenance Trading and is very appropriate for his product.  The system consists of an expert advisor that is added to a Meta Trader trading platform.  Once added to pair chart it will analyze the data and it will alert you to a potential trade.

The L.M.T. Forex Formula is not one of those trading robots that do the trading for you.  While some robots have shown promise, most just fall flat of producing significant results.   From Dean’s own experience and success he knows that successfully trading the forex market is a combination of science and art.  He could turn this program into a robot, but he would have to remove the art part of successful trading.

The program can be used on a daily chart or a four hour chart.  When it is used on a daily chart it literally takes no more than 10 or 15 minutes a day at your computer to check for trading signals, open trades, or close trades as necessary.  The system is easy to learn and implement. For those who have the time and energy you can use the program to trade with the four hour chart which would require you to check the charts several times during the day.

The LMT Forex Formula is not a scalping system.  It is a system that looks to benefit from those big moves in the market sometimes picking up 500 to 1000 pips or more in a single trade.  As we all know, those kinds of trades don’t happen every day.  As a result you do not get signals every day either.

The LMT Forex Formula can be traded on any pair and the manual tells you exactly which 10 pairs Dean personally trades with the system.  Many other systems only trade one or two pairs, but by having more pairs available to trade there are more possibilities.

As humans we can provide the critical eye necessary to picking potentially profitable trades.  Success with L.M.T. system relies on doing a little interpretation of the chart.  Don’t let that scare you away from using this system.  When the program gives you a signal of a potential trade you simply consult the 4 final checks to determine if the trade has a high chance of success.  If it passes these checks you take the trade.

A successful trading system has to include more than determining when to enter a trade; it must provide a way to determine when to exit that trade.  The L.M.T. system is no different.  It provides a very clear way to determine when to exit a trade.  
The L.M.T. Forex Formula program is a great program for those traders looking for tools to help improve their trading results.  I am trading with the program and you can follow my results at LMTforexformulareview.com.


What You Need To Know About Adt Home Security 2017

What You Need To Know About Adt Home Security Medical Alert Companies. An ADT home security system has become a priority to homeowners as well as renters. People feel an added sense of comfort when their house is protected with a dependable device, and often times the device does not even have to be activated in order for people to feel safer. However, with all of the competitors of the industry trying to enlist your business, keep your business, providing deals and incentives along the way, it can be frustrating to decipher whether or not less is more in keeping your home secure. ADT home security is a home security system that has been rewarded with an exceptional reputation so you know that your alarm system will be reliable, but a company that is too large can tack on extra costs that you may not have expected.

ADT home security is a little different from their competitors because they have specialized packages that can be customized to you and your family’s protective needs. Their process starts by allowing the customer to speak to a representative who can help decide which in home security system is the best. There are different additions that can be added to these systems, such as fire, carbon monoxide, and medical alert monitoring. However, these additions are an additional charge, and they can only be purchased in conjunction with an alarm system. Therefore, do not skip the step of talking to a representative in order to decide what elements are necessary to keeping a secure home environment.

Some people feel like a security system is pointless, but in a survey conducted by the National Burglar and Fire Protection Agency in 2000, nine out of ten burglars said that they would have been less likely to break into a home if they knew it had a security system. With that being said, ADT security provides a convenient, wireless system that can be installed with minimum inconvenience, or damage to your home. Therefore, if you are a renter and you want to install a system, you can disconnect it and take it with you to your next residence for little to no cost. The systems are also affordable, costing $32.99 per month, and there is no charge for relocation after you have been a customer for two years or more.

As a paying customer, you want to know that a product is going to work. You want to have a reason to differentiate one company from the next. ADT home security gives their customers an extra assurance that is not widely offered elsewhere. There is a theft protection guarantee that promises to pay up to $500 on a home’s insurance deductible if there is ever a burglary. There is also a 20% discount on your home owner’s insurance when you sign up with ADT home security along with a money back guarantee within 6 months if you are not satisfied or you feel like you have changed your mind. Also, if you decide that you would like to move, you don’t have to leave your system and start again. You may take your security system to your next residence, and if you have been with ADT for two or more years, you will have a $100 discount on your installation. However, if you decide to move before two years, it will cost you the installation fee and possibly a new contract. Make sure to check and negotiate for all the best deals before you invest in your alarm system.

People are consistently complaining about not being able to talk to an actual person when they call customer service lines, or try to pay a bill. ADT’s in-home security system also offers the comfort of a live person. The specialized feature is called the 2 Way Voice, and it lets a real person respond when an alarm goes off. The 2 Way Voice feature also has a time limit, therefore, if you have this type of alarm at your place of business and you do not respond to the call in time, the police will be called unnecessarily. The catch to this feature is that it requires a landline, and with many people using their cell phones now for a primary source of communication, this could present a problem. If you don’t have a landline, you may want to do some further research and investigation into ADT home security in order to make sure their other features are worth your while. Choose home security services that are tailored to your needs by assessing what your needs are ahead of time.

Milwaukee Home Alarm Systems Provide Residents High Tech Security at Competitive Prices Medical Alert

Milwaukee Home Alarm Systems Provide Residents High Tech Security at Competitive Prices Medical Alert Systems.

Today, the home security systems that many people rely on to enhance the security of their families and properties have evolved dramatically since the days when hardwired alarm systems were first introduced. Condos, town homes, single family residences and offices need to be safe and secure. Many homeowners and office managers are turning to wireless security systems to help protect their families, offices and secure their property. Several of best installers of Milwaukee home alarms employ wireless sensors that alert a monitoring center if security is compromised or breached. When monitoring personnel receive the signal that the system has been breached, they immediately attempt to contact the homeowner to verify if it was a false alarm or a real emergency. If the monitoring specialists are unable to confirm a false alarm, emergency authorities such as fire, police department or emergency health personnel are immediately dispatched to the location of the alarm.

In the event that the owner is not at home and is out of town for instance, it is reassuring for them to know that monitoring and emergency personnel are there to respond and provide security and aid to anyone in need of it. Alarm monitoring is provided by 3rd party providers. Independent dealers of Milwaukee home security systems can provide the installation and home security system parts and monitoring activation. A modest monthly monitoring fee is usually very economical and runs as low as about a dollar a day.

Basic Home Alarm System Components
Basic installation of Milwaukee home security equipment includes picking entry points such as accessible doors and windows to be outfitted with sensors and motion detectors. For instance, you would likely select the doors and windows which are most used, vulnerable and accessible from outside entry. These points of entry sensors communicate wirelessly to a master control panel that is strategically placed on a wall or counter top. The window and door sensors are important for it is this equipment that detects when an intrusion occurs.

The motion detectors read the heat variations in a given field of vision and can detect the heat and motion of a human being from up to 50 feet away. To activate a home security system when leaving the property or retiring for the evening, the master control panel is used to activate the entire system. Today, most alarm systems can be activated with a keychain remote control device that lets one activate and deactivate the alarm system at a distance such as when pulling into the driveway before even entering the house. You should also make sure your system comes with a battery back-up to ensure monitoring can occur even in the event of a power outage.

Real Time Two Way Voice Command
The more advanced home security systems include two way voice communication features that allow you to speak with monitoring personnel. This feature is particularly valuable for the elderly, health challenged or people living alone. By simply pushing a single button, the system instantly uses the control panel to connect with monitoring specialists and enables real time direct voice interaction. This convenience can make a big difference when used in health crisis or when someone is unable to get to a phone to call for help. State-of-the-art technology used in this feature means that the microphone and speakers are are quite powerful and can allow someone to communicate from a distance of more than 50 feet. Many customers enjoy the increased peace of mind this service provides as it gives the customer one touch access to emergency help of all sorts.

Installation of Home Security systems in Milwaukee
Consumers who purchase wireless home security systems always appreciate the rapid and convenient installation process. The installation of wireless security systems can be completed in as little as a couple of hours. Because today’s systems are wireless, technicians no longer need to rip through walls to place cable. People who invest in Milwaukee home security systems have many reasons for doing so. While many consider protection from potential burglaries and intruders their top priority, others pick monitoring companies that are also standing by to respond to fire and medical emergencies. And while not even the best home alarm systems can guarantee total crime prevention, statistics show that homes that have home alarm systems are less likely to be burglarized than those that don’t.

Milwaukee Home Security System Registration
Because more and more consumers and businesses rely on alarm monitoring services to meet their security requirements, local authorities sometimes require that these systems are registered. This step simply involves contacting your local fire or police authority to inquire about the registration process.

Inform Yourself Before You Buy
Many people who invest in home security system monitoring services also include their second or vacation home in their security plan. If you intend to get the most benefits from a home security alarm system, it is best to learn about the numerous packages and plans that are offered. Like any other investment, by taking the time to become informed about what the best home alarm system is for you and your needs, you will be in a better position to choose the best system for you.


Senior Citizen Emergency Alert: A Good Medical Alarm Device Can Save Your Life Medical Alert

Senior Citizen Emergency Alert: A Good Medical Alarm Device Can Save Your Life Medical Alert 2017.

Any senior who is living alone, can help avoid a potential medical disaster by simply using a good medical senior alarm. An easy to use device that can summon the help you need , when you need it.

As any one knows, it’s impossible to predict if and when an accident or sudden illness can happen. Live alone seniors are particularly vulnerable.

One third of seniors ages 65 and older will fall every year and many of them will not be able to get up by themselves and will have to have help. How do they get that help? Usually, be telephone. Calling a relative, friend, or 911. What happens though, if the telephone cannot be reached? You then have a critical situation.

If you are a senior living alone, you might enjoy the freedom and independence that you have. You’re also aware that you are more at risk in case of an accident or illness. There is no one readily available for immediate help. So, what is the solution?

It’s pretty simple, really. A reliable senior citizen alert system is always there for you when you need it. A push of a button connects you with a trained professional within seconds and you have voice contact with a real person who can get the help you need and do it quickly.

There are many different senior emergency alarm systems available to you. And, as you might expect, there are many choices for price and features.

It’s a good idea to stay away from the cheap ones. Most of those offer minimal protection at best and are unable to give you the protection you need. What about the other end of the spectrum as far as price goes? Some systems may give you adequate protection, but are very overpriced. No need to go there either.

You can get all the protection you need, for the peace of mind you desire and at a very fair price.

You want to choose an established company that’s been in business long enough to give the best service in all areas.

Your senior medical alert specialist needs to be well trained and should be an employee of the company. The company should own their monitoring center. This allows for supervision and complete training of the Care Specialists- the people who will take your call. Very few companies have their own monitoring centers. Most of them outsource this important function to 3rd party companies.

Make sure that any service agreement with the company is clearly spelled out. You may find yourself committed to a long-term contract and no way to cancel, if you decide you no longer need the service. You should have a month-to-month agreement with no cancellation penalty.

What about the equipment? Is it easy to setup? You should be able to set up your system within 5 minutes. No installation or shipping charges. If your unit should ever need repair or replacement, there should be no extra charge.

How do I use my senior emergency alert system? In case of a medical emergency, simply push the button on the unit. You can wear this as a necklace, wristband, or clip it to your belt. You are then connected to a trained specialist who will provide assistance. No need to be by a telephone.

A good medical alert system is a must-have for any senior living alone. Why take the chance without it?


Can Diabetes Trigger Mood Swings? 2017

Can Diabetes Trigger Mood Swings? Medical Alert 2017.

People who suffer from diabetes have many challenges to deal with. Diabetes is disease that influences not only the sufferer but also those around him, as well as his relatives and friends

It is an autoimmune disease that spoils insulin-producing cells and can affect everyone not considering gender or age.  But is there any relation between diabetes and mood swings?  And how can this be controlled?

Knowing diabetes and your emotions

Diabetes is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin.  Insulin is a substance that occur naturally in the body. It regulates the absorption of sugar by the cells.  If the body does not obtain sufficient supply of insulin, sugar that is exist in the system is collected in the urine and the blood. This then leads to abnormal thirst, hunger and frequent urination.  The problem here is that these reactions of the body have effect on normal cellular functions.

Someone who has diabetes will frequently experience frequent  and strong mood swings.They could, for instance, lose their temper, lash out, become introverted or express  positive emotions in a very unusual and chaotic manner.  Outbursts among people who have diabetes can also become fairly common.

The problem here is that they may not even be aware of these outbursts and may in fact even have no memory of it.  When confronted, they could even react with anxiety or guilt. Occasionally, emotions can be expressed as melancholy, wherein the person suffering from diabetes shows extreme sadness.  This indicate strong emotions can be very unpredictable, something that can often surprise and offend family members and close associates.

Mood swings and diabetic men

Based on research in 2006 indicated that other than diabetes-associated disorders such as impotence, men also have to contend with mood swings.  This is particularly true as the man advances in age, when his levels of testosterone begin to decline.  Combined with the rise and fall of blood sugar levels associated in Type 2 diabetes, it would not be uncommon for the person to experience fluctuations in moods as well.

Other than that, there is also a propensity for men and women alike to feel anxiety, anger, remorse and guilt as a effect of their condition.  This is particularly true if the type of diabetes they have is adult-onset, one that could have been prevented by changes in their lifestyle.

Mood swings in people who suffer from diabetes are also influenced by other factors. Knowing that the disease is something they will have to deal with for the rest of their lives can dampen their spirits, causing them to feel apprehension and depression.

Managing mood swings associated to diabetes

It’s a must for diabetics to regularly test their blood sugar levels.  The results often hold the first clue as to what may be causing their mood swings.  Changes in the diet, along with the proper medications must be maintained to ensure that the person’s health is at its optimum and that any instability in his temperament are controlled.  Getting education about the disease is also important so he or she will really understand what to anticipate and what to act.

It might be difficult to cure diabetes but mood swings linked with it don’t have to be difficult to control. With the right care, control of sugar intake, diet, exercise and medication, people who suffer from diabetes can still live a normal, happy life and get success in his career.


Summer Vacation Planning with the Elderly Medical Alert

Summer Vacation Planning with the Elderly Medical Alert 2017.

After two summers of staycations and thwarted getaway plans, Americans are ready to take to the road and the sky again. As money issues begin to be resolved, a new stumbling block may arise this summer regarding what to do with Grandma or Grandpa. Whether you plan on taking your parent on vacation with you or setting up a support system back home, don’t fret, you can still cherish your getaway.

While you may be filled with feelings of guilt if you choose to leave your loved one at home, it is important for you to re-energize, relax and recharge your battery so you can come back refreshed and ready to resume your caregiver role. These feelings of guilt are normal, and you have to find a balance between caring for yourself and caring for your parent to avoid caregiver burnout.

Set up a system of checks and balances if you are leaving your parent at home. Medical alert systems like LifeFone provide immediate and caring assistance from trained emergency care specialists 24 hours a day. This way your parent can rest at home in your absence.

Hiring a home health aide for the duration of your trip may also decrease your uneasiness about leaving your parent at home. Home health agency costs range from about $15 to $40 an hour depending on location, services and training. However, these costs may be covered short-term by Medicare.

If you plan on taking your elder parent with you on vacation, it is important to obtain medical clearances from a physician to ensure the planned trip is realistic and appropriate for your family member. Physicians can also assist in ordering extra medication that may be needed for the trip and provide access to medical records in case of emergency.

It is also necessary to factor in additional time when traveling with an elderly family member. Airlines often offer priority boarding for special needs passengers and priority check-ins for wheelchairs and mobility devices. When driving, plan for additional stops. You may even want to consider renting a more spacious vehicle for the trip, or one that offers more accessibility. Prior to your actual vacation, try taking your parent on a shorter trip to a local destination to test the waters and see how they do in their new environment before going on an extended stay.

If you take the time to decide which option is best for your parent before buckling the kids in the car and slathering on the sunscreen this vacation season, you will have a much more enjoyable and relaxing vacation regardless of which route you choose.


Biopsychosocial Dimensions Of Human Behavior Medical Alert

Biopsychosocial Dimensions Of Human Behavior Medical Alert Companies.


The human species is distinctly different from all other species because of their behavioral aspect. Many scholars, psychologists and socialists have sought to explain human behavior. Some people prefer to look at it from a biological point of view while others prefer to consider the sociological aspects. For purposes of this paper, an analysis of the biopsychosocial aspects will be conducted and then applied to a critical life event.

Biopsychosocial dimension

The biopsychosocial dimension of human behavior is an incorporation of the biological psychological and social factors that explain human behavior. Starting with the biological dimensions; scientists assert that human behavior can be explained through genetics and heredity. In this case genetics is primarily determined by DNA (a special type of compound found in the cells). The latter compound is primarily responsible for an individual’s behavioral outcome. There are three main sections under which one can understand the biological aspect of human behavior. The first is through intelligence. Biological scientists assert that one’s intelligence is partly determined by their genes. This assertion is verified by the strong correlation between the IQ intelligence traits of twins. Similarly, certain depictions of intelligence are common in closely related family members. (Kimble and Colman, 1995)

The biological approach also explains certain peculiar behavior through heredity and genetics. For instance, schizophrenia; A study conducted upon two closely related subjects such as brothers who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia found that a large percentage of these individuals actually had genetic component that were similar in nature. These scientists however warned that the presence of a certain genetic component need not mean that persons will behave in a certain way. Instead other aspects have to be considered too.

The third component of the biological explanation of human behavior is related to certain uncontrollable actions that are common to all individuals. They explain this through the nervous system. For instance when one has been subjected to extreme hunger, their brain tells them to look for food. In cases where a human being is subjected to extreme conditions for instance when they are situated in a place with no conventional food; they may be forced to look for anything edible e.g. fruits, roots and herbs. Eating roots from the bush may not be a common occurrence in day to day lives; however, it is plausible in certain conditions. Taking another example of sleep; through the genetic approach, it is possible to understand why certain human beings tend to sleep more than others. Biochemists assert that there is a certain part of the brain responsible for controlling ones sleep known as  the medulla oblongata. Consequently, when there is a malfunction in ones medulla oblongata or when it is working excessively, then an individual will tend to sleep more or be less alert in meetings than others. Through these examples, it is possible to understand why the human being behaves the way he does in certain instances. (Barrett, 2004)

The biopsychosocial explanation also entails psychological aspects. Through this approach, one can understand human behavior through cognitive development. In this approach most human beings are able to deduce meaning from occurrences through the relationships which they develop in their minds about that particular item. As the mind develops and gets accustomed to certain ideas, then it begins reacting towards them in certain way and this brings about different reactions. There are numerous psychologists who contributed towards psychological theories of behavior and some of them include;

  • Maslow
  • Freud
  • Erikson

These psychologists all had their various explanations about human behavior. However, these will not be examined in detail here. Nonetheless, certain emerging issues come out of the work that these psychologists did. They tended to agree with the notion that humans are largely effected by their surroundings and that most of them may adopt behavior subconsciously.

Psychological analyses of the human mind also allow one to understand the reason behind certain emotions. They also provide a platform against which one can understand why certain human beings may react emotionally to a certain issue while others may be unaffected by it. For instance, the issue of temperance differs from person to person. This is largely shaped by the role that the mind has on that specific individual. (Barrett, 2004)

The last aspect of the biopsychosocial explanations of human behavior is the social aspect. Here, one must consider the influences that family and culture have on human behavior. When trying to understand the effect of culture and family on human behavior, it can be very difficult to do so since the influences are complicated. It should be noted that in social analysis, there is a difference between ideal behavior, actual behavior and believed behavior. For instance, when one visits another culture to find out things about them, it is likely that those persons may put on ‘a show’ to impress the visitor. If it is a family, then that person may want to portray his family in positive light thus asking his children and wife to tidy up and wear their best outfit. Consequently, in order to understand the influence of culture or family on foreign persons, it would be favorable to get them in their natural setting either when they are unaware or when the observer is far away from them.

The concept of believed behavior is also important in analyzing cultural influences on behavior because one can understand why certain things occur the way they do. For example, a study asking men in North America whether they assist their wives in household chores, it was found that a majority of them felt that housework was split fifty-fifty between the wife and the husband. However, when the researchers themselves sought to find out what actually proceeds in most households, it was found that a large percentage of the men actually did not assist their spouses with housework but in their minds, they honestly thought that this was the case. This sort of behavior can be classified as believed behavior.               When it comes to cultural influences, one must also consider ideal behavior. For instance, in China, the role of woman was strictly defined in the home. Most of them were thought as second class members of their families. However, with the introduction of the one child per family polices, more families preferred male children or females. Consequently, those who were pregnant with girls ended up terminating their pregnancies (although it was outlawed). This eventually created a generation in which the ratio of women to men was so very low. Men realized that in order to get a wife, they had to be educated, rich and maybe even willing to let them control the house. Consequently, the ideal behavior for a woman in Chinese society would have been to act subordinately to the man, however, because of the changes in demographics. Women had more leverage or bargaining power and could therefore choose no to do certain things. (Ashfor et al, 2007)

Culture has an intense effect on human behavior because it determines how people react to others, how they express their feelings among others. A study comparing American children with Japanese children found that there were substantial differences between these two groups. When American children were asked whether they would beat a child if they were punched, a large majority of them claimed that they would do so. When the Japanese children were asked whether they would hit back when actually hit, it was found that a larger number of them claimed that they would not. An actual analysis found that more Japanese children actually hit their counterparts than the Americans; its just that they did not articulate this. In other words, one can deduce the fact that in the American culture, children are more expressive and may even make assertions that they will not adhere to. However, in the Asian culture, children are taught to be subservient or to be less expressive in their words.

Culture also influences one’s understanding of the goings on in a particular area. For example, when a village woman from the Kalahari Desert in Southern Africa is taken to a North American wedding, she might not understand what is going. She would wonder why a bride is dressed in white and why she is actually surrounded by other persons wearing closely related outfits. Perhaps the stranger from Africa might deduce that this is actually an ongoing ceremony but may not understand the intricacies surrounding that ceremony. She would also wonder why some people are holding flowers while others are not. Through this example, it is possible to understand why certain behaviors would occur the way they do.

Spiritual dimension

The latter biopsychosocial model of human behavior incorporates three parameters, yet there is another component to human behavior that may not be fully accounted for by the latter mentioned approaches. This is the spiritual dimension. The spiritual dimension is that element in the human being that some people call the inner psyche. In other words, it the aspect of a human being that decides between what is moral and what is immoral. It creates a conscious within us and it also allows an individual to exert more control of their lives. Through the spiritual dimension, it is possible for one to understand why human beings love one another. It is also possible to understand certain ‘abstract’ concepts such as freedom. The spiritual dimension is that inner voice of authority within any human beings that allows them to either control or act upon their instincts. (Ilham, 2000)

Without the spiritual opinions, human beings would be no different from the rest of the animal kingdom because they would let their feelings control them rather than vice versa. (it should be noted that feelings in this case refer to instincts). Many psychologists have claimed that there is a higher dimension in life. In other words, it is that aspect of the human being that prevents one from being impulsive. They strive to be better or for perfection and this is what sets human being apart from their counterparts in the animal kingdom.

Critical life event

An example of a critical life event that would affect all the three dimensions is living in a step family. In the event that a child is subjected to a painful loss of a parent, and then expected to cope with  step family, then chances are that that issue may affect them in all the three realms. For instance, a child who has grown up in a step family may be affected psychologically. This is because certain psychological needs may not be met. For instance, such a person is likely to develop sleep disorders, depressive disorders or even other more intense issues such a drug abuse. The psychological reasons behind this are that human beings require certain things at various stages of development in their lifespan. When one fails to access those things, then they are likely to carry forward that aspect into their lives. This is the reason why certain ladies tend to be promiscuous simply because they grew up without a father.

The critical event of loosing a parent can also affect a subject socially. In other words, one may be perceived by others s subordinate and this could result into feelings of low self esteem. Such a person may not be able to interact with his or her peers and may develop isolationist tendencies. It should be noted that these reactions will be affected by one’s cultural background. For instance, in certain cultures, it is normal to grow up with step families because polygamy is common. Consequently, such an individual will turn out very differently. (Ilham, 2000)

One’s heredity can also come into play when trying to understand the effects of step families. Certain individuals have greater temperaments and may depict their anger in more aggressive ways such as through antisocial behavior. Scientists assert that certain people have a greater tendency to exhibit antisocial behavior because of their biological makeup.


The biopsychosocial model is quite useful in understanding behavior because it explains some of the things that human beings cannot control and some of the things that they can. However, there is a limit to this approach because it does not account for the moral aspect of the human nature. In the model, issues such as love, freedom etc cannot be explained.


Barrett, C. (2004): Cognitive development and the understanding of animal behavior, Center for behavior, evolution, culture and Development, retrieved from http://www.anthro.ucla.edu/faculty/barrett/Barrett-osm-distribute.pdf

Kimble, D. and Colman, M (1995): Biological aspects of behavior, Longman Publishers, available at http://www.le.ac.uk/psychology/amc/

Ilham, D. (2000): Psychology and Human Behavior: is there a limit to psychological explanation, Cambridge University Press, 75,183-201

Ashford, LeCray & Latie (2007): Human Behavior in the social environment, Rout ledge


Sensory Loss in Older Adults: Vision; Behavioral Approaches for Caregivers 2017

Sensory Loss in Older Adults: Vision; Behavioral Approaches for Caregivers Medical Alert 2017.

As we age, our sensory systems gradually lose their sharpness. Because our brain requires a minimal amount of input to remain alert and functioning, sensory loss for older adults puts them at risk for sensory deprivation. Severe sensory impairments, such as in vision or hearing, may result in behavior similar to dementia and psychosis, such as increased disorientation and confusion. Added restrictions, such as confinement to bed or a Geri-chair, increases this risk. With nothing to show the passage of time, or changes in the environment, the sensory deprived person may resort to repetitive problem behaviors (calling out, chanting, rhythmic pounding/rocking) as an attempt to reduce the sense of deprivation and to create internal stimulation/sensations.

This article is the first in a series of three articles that discuss the prominent sensory changes that accompany aging, and considers the necessary behavioral adjustments or accommodations that should be made by professional, paraprofessional, and family caregivers who interact with older adults. Though the medical conditions are not reviewed in depth, the purpose of this article is to introduce many of the behavioral health insights, principles, and approaches that should influence our caregiving roles. This article addresses age-related visual changes.


A. The changes in vision that accompany aging include:

1. A loss of elasticity of the lens; this means the person is no longer able to focus or accommodate to changes in lighting conditions. (Starting in our 40’s, glasses are needed to see fine print). It also means the older person cannot adjust to sudden changes in lighting, resulting in an uneasiness when leaving a bright room to enter a dark hallway, or finding seats in the dark in recreation rooms, or theater. Going in the reverse direction can be equally difficult: from a dark room to a bright area.
2. Decreased pupil size; the light reaching the retina is reduced, requiring more light to see. This results in the need for lighting 3x to 4x what younger people need to see clearly
3. A loss of transparency; with age, there is a yellowing of the lens in the eyes, making color discrimination more difficult, especially blue and green. Warmer colors, such as reds and yellows are perceived best, explaining why bright colors are preferred.
4. More susceptibility to glare, and longer time is needed to recover from the effects of glare;
5. Eye diseases and disorders, such as cataracts causing a clouding of the lens; glaucoma, resulting from increased pressure of fluids in the eye, damaging the optic nerve and impairing vision. Glaucoma, the number one cause of blindness in U.S., in advanced stages results in yellow halos around images. Macular degeneration may occur, where vision is distorted, and images appear different sizes or different shapes, and are missing a central element. Visual disorders may be secondary to stroke, in which the eye can see the image but the brain cannot interpret the images. Diabetes may result in disrupted blood flow to the retina, causing diabetic retinopathy and a loss of vision, and blindness, in extreme cases.

B. What are the effects of visual loss on the older adult?

1. An increased dependency on others;
2. A sharply reduced quality of life (changes in activities in daily living and instrumental activities of daily living, reduced connection with outside world);
3. And, a fearfulness and reduced tendency to venture outside.

C. What are the effects of vision changes on demented elderly?

1. With the losses in visual acuity, other problems in cognitive functioning are heightened, such as difficulty processing unfamiliar faces and settings;
2. Because the person with dementia already has difficulty learning new behaviors, he or she is less able to learn new habits to compensate for the visual losses (e.g., learning to use visual aids to identify articles of clothing or other possessions;
3. There is likely to be an increased disorientation and confusion, as the search for structure and external cues is strained.


The following principles apply to caregiving approaches with older adults who have diminished sensory function. Increased sensitivity and insight to the needs of these individuals improves their quality of life and improves our effectiveness:

1. Observe the behavior of the person, and look for cues and signs of pain or discomfort;
2. Help the person work through the emotional impact of the sensory changes, allowing expression, acceptance, and support of the grief and sadness accompanying these losses;
3. Do not try to fix the unpleasantness; acceptance and support goes a longer way toward healing than a quick fix or a patronizing attitude;
4. Reduce excess disability by maximizing whatever functioning is still left, such as proper eyeglass prescriptions, or functioning hearing aids;
5. Consider assistive devices (phone amplifiers, large text books, headphones, and the Braille Institute for a variety of useful visual aids).

Approaches for impairments in vision:

1. Address the person before you touch him or her, identify yourself, let him or her know when you are leaving, speak normally, and do not shout;
2. Describe his or her surroundings to help orient and familiarize the person to the environment, tell him or her location of belongings, and if things have been moved;
3. Use as much contrast as possible, e.g., red objects on white background is better than black on a gray background, or blue on green background, (consider switch plates on walls, toothbrushes, combs);
4. Avoid moving quickly from a bright room to a darkened room, or v.v. Make sure the visually-impaired person takes the time for the pupils to adapt to the changes in lighting;
5. Introduce yourself every time you come into contact with the person, and explain what you are going to do because there are no visual cues;
6. Help to identify others in their environment with colored clothing, name tags with large print, etc.
7. Clean eyeglasses regularly, provide adequate lighting, and avoid glare;
8. Provide night lights, and arrange furnishings in the environment for safety and ease of mobility.

Even with normal aging, functioning of our five senses is not like it was when we were younger adults. This article offers caregivers who work with visually-impaired older adults some insights into the special needs and adjustments that will turn unpleasant, frustrating situations into more caring, helpful, and sensitive interactions. By integrating these behavioral approaches in the delivery of the health care with older adults, we can favorably impact the management of these conditions.

Copyright 2008 Concept Healthcare, LLC


Is my medical alert system covered under Medicare? 2017

Is my medical alert system covered under Medicare? Medical Alert 2017.

Some areas you may want to take into consideration when choosing the best company for your medical alert system?

Medical alert systems are best used for seniors or those with disabilities or anyone who are at risk of loosing their independence. Medical alert systems can be an inexpensive alternative to 24 hour in home care.

Medical alert systems work through your phone system already in your home. Its installed easily and only requires a base unit and telephone cord to connect. When you need assistance whether it’s a medical emergency or just need help while you are home, you can press your medical alert button that you wear around your neck or wrist as a bracelet. Once that button is pressed, it summons a professional certified trained attendant at an emergency response center that will speak to you directly through your device. The certified attendant can speak to you loud and clear through the device even if you are not in the same room as the base unit. The certified attendant will ask specific questions in order to get an understanding of what the situation is, if it requires emergency help, they can summons help for you immediately while they remain on the phone with you. If the situation is not a medical emergency, you just need the help of a family member or friend, they can contact one of the people you listed as your responders. You never have to be worried about being home alone.

Features of Medical Alert Systems

There are many features and options that medical alert systems provide including:
•    Long medical alert button range – Rescue Alert of California has a range of over 600 feet and in open air test up to 1,000 feet distance, so you can be sure that from anywhere in your home, you can easily call for help
•    Backup battery life extends over 90 hours
•    Attendants that answer your call for help are EMD Certified
•    Testing of the equipment is important and is done periodically. Rescue Alert also encourages users to test their buttons to make sure they are comfortable with the system and understands how it works in the event of an emergency
•    Low battery detection and reporting

Some additional features and options include:
•    Inactivity alarm where the attendant periodically checks in and if no response is received, they will summon help
•    Medical reminders can be scheduled to take medications, reminders for doctors appointments and more
•    Language interpretation services for non-English speaking customers

Medical Alert Systems are Low Cost
There are many medical alert systems to choose, however there are few that offer rental and purchase options at a low cost and no setup or activation fees!

•    You can own a medical alert system for less than 50¢ a day
•    Purchase the equipment for a low one-time price of $199 and the lowest monthly monitoring of $15.95
•    Renting the equipment is easy and there is not setup fee or activation fees, just a low rental cost
•    Get a 30 Day Risk Free Guarantee
•    There are never any contracts or commitments with a Rescue Alert of CA medical alert system – you can cancel anytime – hassle free!
•    Get a Free Gift when you order today

Are Medical Alert Systems covered under Medicare or Medicaid?

Medicare does not cover the cost of your medical alert system, however there are some regional programs and insurance carriers that will. It’s important to understand your options and what costs they will cover.

You can find helpful resources at the Medicare and Medicaid websites:



How Medical Alert For Seniors Can Help Save Lives 2017

How Medical Alert For Seniors Can Help Save Lives Medical Alert Companies.

A medical alert for seniors or alert system can mean the difference between life and death or getting emergency help to the senior before it is too late. An alert system becomes the imaginary eyes and ears when a senior lives alone with the capacity to summon essential and critical medical personnel in the event of an injury or illness. Although it is difficult to believe, it is not always a simple matter to dial 911, in fact, sometimes it is impossible, but a medical alert for seniors only requires that a button be pressed to obtain medical assistance and help.

Typically, thousands of seniors fall in their homes every day and lie helpless for hours without assistance. This frightening scenario can be avoided by having a medical alert for senior in place that is functional, and accessible. Many of our nation’s seniors live alone and their calls for help are unanswered. Often many hours or days may transpire before anyone notices that the person has not been recently heard from or visited or checked on to ensure that they were in good health. In the interim, the person has suffered irreparable harm and loss of life, which could have been avoided if an alert system had been in place.

A medical alert for seniors can essentially replace or substitute for human interaction. For example, seniors who live alone, unless they have a very close social network, lead very isolated lives. With a medical alert for seniors, the device is worn as a pendant around the neck. In the event of an emergency such as a fall, pain, or the inability to make a telephone call, all the client has to do is depress the red button on the device to summon emergency personnel. Most alert systems also have a call service that checks on the client each day to ensure that everything is as it should be and the client is well. After several attempts and the call are not answered, verification of the client’s well being is initiated.